Maternal-Fetal Medicine

What is maternal-fetal medicine and why is pregnancy follow-up important?

Maternal-fetal medicine is the branch of gynecology that treats the complications that can arise during pregnancy, as well as their possible effects on the mother and the fetus.

A maternal-fetal physician is an obstetrician/gynecologist with a sub-specialty of between two and three years in maternal-fetal medicine and is specially trained to diagnose conditions such as Down’s syndrome, placental problems, fetus growth restriction, among others. The maternal-fetal physician can also treat pregnancy-associated illnesses, such as preeclampsia (one of the complications with the highest mortality rate during pregnancy in the country) and gestational diabetes.

Timely diagnosis of these illnesses allows taking action that results in a better attention and results for patients and their babies.

Periodic visits will help you and your physician monitor the progress of the pregnancy and they are essential to detect any health problem before it becomes serious.

Are pregnancies achieved through assisted reproduction treatments more risky?

Pregnancy after infertility does not only carry the normal concerns of a natural pregnancy. In addition, the physical, economic and emotional resources that have been invested in achieving it can increase the fear that something might go wrong.

It is important for you to know that having undergone an assisted reproduction treatment in no way affects the normal development of the pregnancy. The factors that make a pregnancy be a high-risk pregnancy do not depend on how it was achieved, but they do depend on:

•    The mother’s age
•    The genetics of the parents, an therefore, of the fetus
•    The parents’ habits

Whether you have become pregnant naturally or through a fertility treatment, prenatal care is of the utmost importance. Because of this, at Ingenes we have a maternal-fetal medicine unit formed by specialists in high-risk pregnancies. In addition, we use innovative methods and state of the art technology to increase the probability that your pregnancy reaches its term.

How often do I have to visit the doctor during my pregnancy?

The first three months are crucial for the development of the pregnancy, therefore we recommend that you make an appointment with our specialists as soon as you discover you are pregnant.

During your pregnancy you must see the doctor regularly:

•    Once a month during the first six months of pregnancy
•    Every two weeks during months seven and eight
•    Weekly during the ninth month of pregnancy

If you are older than 35 years of age, have had previous spontaneous abortions, or your pregnancy is high risk, your doctor will probably want to see you more often.

What studies or tests are performed during pregnancy?

Traditionally, the tests include ultrasounds, blood and urine analysis, and other tests that allow the physician to evaluate your condition and that of the fetus, so that both can face the pregnancy and labor under the best conditions possible.

Some of the non-invasive tests that are maternal-fetal medicine unit performs are the following:

•    Basic and structural ultrasound
•    Fetal echocardiography
•    Evaluation of the fetal growth
•    Pathology follow-up ultrasound
•    Cardiotocograph recording

We also perform advanced techniques, such as:

•    Amniocentesis
•    Amnioinfusion
•    Cordocentesis

The clue to having a baby is taking care of your own health. Because of this, in addition to giving you medical attention, at Ingenes we offer you nutritional counseling. We also have an emotional support unit and we will be glad to answer any questions or concerns you may have regarding pregnancy, labor, and the care of the newborn.

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