Hypothyroidism

It is a condition in which the thyroid gland produces less hormone than it should. It can occur in anyone, however, it is 8 times more common in women than in men.

Causes

When the gland stops producing enough T3 and T4 hormones, there is a hormonal imbalance throughout the body and the ovaries and their natural ovulation cycle are affected. This is why fertility is compromised.

The cause of this condition is mainly due to thyroiditis (inflammation of the thyroid), which affects the thyroid cells and prevents them from functioning properly. This is mainly caused by:


Viral infections
Hashimoto's thyroiditis (where the immune system attacks the thyroid gland)
Other common causes of hypothyroidism include:
Congenital defects
Radiation therapies
Surgical removal of part or all of the thyroid gland
Drugs such as amiodarone and lithium (predisposed patients)
Lack of iodine in the diet
Damage to the pituitary gland or pituitary gland

Symptoms

Weakness or fatigue
Accelerated weight gain
Decreased libido
Sensitivity to cold
Muscle or joint pain
Hair loss and brittle nails
Pale or dry skin
Swelling of the face, hands and feet
Constipation
Decreased heart rate 
Hyperprolactinaemia or high prolactin in the blood
Depression
Slower speech and movements
Difficulty concentrating and memory problems

Diagnosis

To diagnose hypothyroidism, you should see your endocrinology doctor. He or she will perform a physical examination and then order a blood test to measure thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) to make a definitive diagnosis.

Can I have a baby if I have hypothyroidism?

When it comes to thyroid disorders, medication is the recommended option to restore normal thyroid function, and if this is not sufficient, the best option is In Vitro fertilization (IVF).
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