Intrauterine insemination (IUI)
Is a procedure in which a soft catheter is used to introduce the previously collected man’s semen sample into the woman’s uterus, just at the time of ovulation. This facilitates fertilization in cases of unexplained infertility, mild sperm abnormalities or cervical mucus issues.
At Ingenes we recommend this treatment to women under age 37 with a clinical history of infertility of at least five years, permeable fallopian tubes, as long as the man’s sperm meets the minimum criteria to be considered normal.
Regardless of your age, no woman should go through more than two artificial insemination cycles before opting for In-Vitro Fertilization.
When performing an artificial insemination procedure, it is essential that the woman’s fallopian tubes are permeable and that the man’s sperm sample meets the minimum normality standards.
Success rates for artificial insemination vary depending on the woman’s age, infertility causes, quality of the man’s sperm sample and other factors. These rates range from 8-20 percent when ovulation induction drugs are used and are only 4 percent without these drugs.
Women over 40 years of age are only 2 percent likely to achieve pregnancy through this procedure, so it is advisable for them to choose high complexity methods directly.
Ovulation Induction (OI)
Ovulation induction consists in the administration of drugs, such as clomiphene citrate (Omifin) that re-establish a woman’s normal ovulation. A fertility specialist must carefully monitor the administration of these medicaments as ovarian stimulation can entail risks such as multiple pregnancies and ovarian hyper-stimulation syndrome.
Ovulation induction is recommended for women under 32 years of age with ovulatory problems, such as polycystic ovary syndrome or anovulation, provided they have an infertility clinical history of at least three years, their fallopian tubes are permeable, and that the man’s semen sample meets the minimum normality parameters.
A large percentage of women who undergo ovulation induction treatments are able to ovulate, but not all of them manage to conceive or bring a pregnancy to term. The success rate of ovulation induction depends on a number of variables such as a patient’s age or the existence of other infertility causing factors, since most pregnancies occur during the first three to six induction cycles, any subsequent attempt is likely to be unsuccessful.
This technique consists in the motorization of the ovulation process to determine the optimal time for the couple to have unprotected intercourse, thus increasing their chances of achieving pregnancy.
Programmed intercourse can be combined with ovulatory induction to increase the likelihood of pregnancy by increasing the number of mature eggs available.
This technique is useful for young couples with ovulatory problems; in particular for those fertile couples who want to increase their chances of conceiving, as long as the woman’s fallopian tubes are permeable, and the man’s semen sample meets the minimum normality parameters.
While better results are obtained when programmed intercourse is combined with ovulatory induction; success rates depend on the woman’s age and the presence of other infertility causing factors. Therefore, at Ingenes we only recommend this treatment to patients under 32 years of age with an infertility medical history of less than three years.