22 de January, 2024

Complications associated with fertility and underweight or overweight

Fertility is a delicate and complex process, influenced by multiple factors, among which weight plays a crucial role. Both underweight and overweight can have a significant impact on the ability to conceive and carry a pregnancy to term. In this article, we will explore how weight influences fertility and what can be done to manage these complications.

Weight and its Impact on Fertility

Overweight and Fertility
Being overweight or obese can affect fertility in both men and women. In women, excess weight can lead to hormonal imbalances and problems with ovulation. These conditions increase the risk of problems such as polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), a common cause of infertility. Additionally, overweight women may face additional challenges during pregnancy, including an increased risk of gestational diabetes, hypertension, and complications during childbirth.

In men, being overweight can affect the quality and quantity of sperm. Excess body fat can lead to an increase in temperature in the scrotal region, which negatively affects sperm production. Additionally, being overweight is often associated with lower testosterone levels and erectile dysfunction problems, which can decrease the likelihood of successful conception.

Low Weight and Fertility
Low weight can also be an obstacle to fertility. In women, very low body weight, especially if associated with a poor diet or eating disorders such as anorexia or bulimia, can lead to irregularities in the menstrual cycle or even the absence of menstruation (amenorrhea). This situation can cause ovulation to be infrequent or not occur at all, making it significantly more difficult to conceive.

Lack of essential nutrients due to low weight can affect egg quality and reduce the chances of a healthy pregnancy. Additionally, during pregnancy, low weight can increase the risk of preterm birth and low birth weight, which can have long-term implications for the baby's health.

In men, low weight can also affect fertility. It can lead to a decrease in sperm production and affect their quality. As in women, a lack of essential nutrients can negatively affect male reproductive health.

Weight Management to Improve Fertility

Adopt a Balanced Diet
A balanced and healthy diet is key to maintaining an optimal weight and improving your chances of conceiving. This diet should include a variety of fruits, vegetables, lean proteins, healthy fats, and complex carbohydrates. Avoiding processed and high-sugar foods can also help maintain a healthy weight.

Moderate Exercise
Regular exercise is important for maintaining a healthy weight. However, it is crucial not to overdo it, as extreme exercise can negatively affect fertility, especially in women. Moderate physical activity, such as walking, swimming, or yoga, may be beneficial.

Consult with a Fertility Specialist
If you are facing weight-related fertility issues, it is important to seek advice from a fertility specialist. At clinics like Ingenes, specialists can provide personalized guidance and treatments tailored to your specific needs to improve your chances of conceiving.

Weight is an important factor in fertility, and both being overweight and underweight can present challenges. Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes a balanced diet and moderate exercise can significantly improve your chances of conceiving and carrying a pregnancy to term. In cases where weight management alone is not sufficient, medical intervention and specialized support may be necessary. At Ingenes, we understand the importance of addressing all aspects of fertility, including weight, to give our patients the best chance of fulfilling their dream of having a baby at home.

The path to fertility can be complex, but with the right approach and support, many couples and individuals have managed to overcome these obstacles. Remember that each situation is unique, and what works for one may not apply to another. Therefore, personalized guidance from a specialist is invaluable on your journey to conception.

If you are facing fertility challenges related to weight or any other aspect of reproductive health, do not hesitate to seek professional help. At Ingenes, we are committed to providing you with the care and support you need to achieve your goal of starting a family. Contact us and take the first step toward realizing your dream.

Discover the best treatment for you at Ingenes

Our mission is to help you make an informed decision about your reproductive health, we'll create a fully personalized treatment for you, and make your dream come true.
Learn More
Permiso Cofepris: 133300201A1156
Dr. Felipe Camargo Cédula Profesional SEP: 4452501
©Todos los derechos reservados 2024. Instituto Ingenes, Fertilidad & Genética