It is a condition in which one or both of a woman's fallopian tubes are blocked and dilated due to a build-up of fluid inside them. Learn more about this condition.
Often, hydrosalpinx is caused by chronic infections of the fallopian tubes, which in most cases are caused by sexually transmitted diseases such as gonorrhoea or chlamydia, which may go undetected for years and slowly damage the tubes. chlamydiawhich can go undetected for years and slowly damage the tubes.
Other causes of infection include:
previous surgeries (particularly on the fallopian tubes, such as tubal recanalisation)
Intrauterine devices (IUDs) used as a method of contraception
History of ectopic pregnancy
How does it affect your reproductive health?
Hydrosalpinx causes infertility because the blockage in the fallopian tubes prevents sperm from meeting and fertilising the egg . It also makes it impossible for the fertilised egg to travel from the ovary to the uterus, increasing the risk of ectopic pregnancy.
Although a large number of patients with hydrosalpinx have no symptoms and it is, in most cases, an incidental finding, hydrosalpinx is characterised by causing:
Chronic or recurrent pelvic pain
Intermittent abdominal discomfort
Foul-smelling vaginal discharge
Can I have a baby if I have hydrosalpinx?
In Vitro fertilization (IVF) is the treatment of choice because it makes it possible to fertilise the eggs in a laboratory, avoiding their passage through the fallopian tubes and placing the embryos with greater implantation power in the woman's uterus. This offers a better chance of having a baby than any other treatment.